Grace Davie is Professor Emeritus at the University of Exeter. Her research interests lie in patterns of religion in Europe, and how to conceptualise them. How are we to make sense of the growing significance of religion in the modern world with tools and concepts that have emerged (largely) from the ‘exceptional’ European case? She is also interested in the interactions between religion and welfare, healthcare and law, and their implications for sociological thinking about religion. Her books include Religion in Britain since 1945: Believing without Belonging (1994), Europe: the Exceptional Case (2002) and most recently Religion in Britain: A Persistent Paradox (2015)