Chris Kavanagh is a DPhil candidate in Anthropology at the University of Oxford. He holds Masters degrees in both Cognitive & Evolutionary Anthropology and Social Anthropology and a Bachelors degree in Study of Religions. His research interests focus on East Asian religions, ritual behaviour and the bonding effects of shared dysphoria. Presently he is the laboratory administrator for the Centre of Anthropology & Mind in Oxford and a researcher on the Ritual, Community & Conflict project, headed by his supervisor Prof. Harvey Whitehouse at the Institute of Cognitive & Evolutionary Anthropology. Chris is currently away in Japan on fieldwork and is conducting experimental and ethnographic research on the psychological and social consequences of dysphoric and euphoric rituals with the assistance of Prof. Masaki Yuki and his psychology lab at Hokkaido University.