Avery Morrow is soon to begin work at the University of Tokyo’s Department of Religious Studies researching a modern spiritualist movement. His studies of various aspects of Japanese traditionalism have been published in the Wittenberg University East Asian Studies Journal and Innovative Research in Japanese Studies. His book-length literary analysis The Sacred Science of Ancient Japan was published in 2014.
Since the 1980s, social and economic pressures to stay within mainstream society have become more prominent, and spiritually minded individuals often seek more limited, loosely bonded participation in New Age-style modes of thought. The question of charismatic and spiritual authority has become ever more relevant in present day Japan, which is an exceedingly “non-religious but spiritual” nation.